All posts by the maven

ABC’s of Getting a Site Online

Getting a site online can seem difficult, conceptually, if you’ve never attempted it before. The following list is provided as a general step-by-step guide for getting a site online.

a. Determine your website needs. Is this a personal website, a business website, will you be streaming media, etc. Capture your requirements before you proceed with choosing products so you can buy the products and services that best meet your needs.

b. Choose a Site Concept. You should research your market, determine best keywords to use, what your site is going to say, and start mapping out content. You should not pick a domain name or start building pages until you’ve nailed down a solid concept. Read more in the website promotion section about how to build a content based website. This is the most important step of getting a successful site online. Don’t come up with the plan after you already are down the road a bit and have to make major course corrections.

c. Choose a domain name. Read this article to help you decide a good domain name.

d. Register you domain name. Choose a domain registrar to register your domain(s). You may want to purchase additional aliases or variations that will point to the same domain. Note that this step might be included for free with your Web Hosting company. Don’t pay for a domain name if it comes with your web hosting package.

e. Choose a Web Hosting company. Choose a web hosting company and a plan that meets your website requirements.

f. Build your website. Using an HTML editor build your website content. Preview your page regularly using multiple browsers. You may also want to consider website templates or even professional web design depending on your needs.  You may also wish to consider building your website in a Content Management System.

g. Upload your website. Using an FTP client, upload your website to your web server. Your site is now online and can be viewed on the Web.

h. Promote your website. If you build it, they will not necessarily come. Learn about search engines, Pay Per Click networks, and how to make money from your site.

Make Money from your Web Site

For a business that wants to attract customers to their shop, the most important factor is location. Location can make or break a business and the better locations come at a premium. Business is increased based on the number of passers-by or foot traffic that see the business and take advantage of the convenience of the nearby, easy to find store.

The Internet is a bit different. People use the Internet to search for information, entertainment, or services but don’t do so in crowds. There are over 16 million websites on the Internet so how do you make your site seen and relevant. Why spend thousands or even a few dollars on a website if you’ll never generate any “foot traffic”?

Most Internet Businesses Fail

Many years ago, in the early days of the internet, I decided it might be a good idea to start an internet business. I created a site with lots of content investing weeks of time adding all the products associated. In the end, I had a great website with competitive prices. My problem? NOBODY knew about my site. Finding my site, even back in 1998 was like finding a needle in a haystack. I knew little about promoting my site and generating the “foot traffic” and interest necessary to attract regular customers and make a profit. I learned a great deal, didn’t lose too much money, but I decided it wasn’t working and shut it down. This is the fate of most internet businesses. 99% of small business websites fail and is referred to as “churn” by web hosting companies. The “churn rate” is a strong indication of the failure rate.

There’s More to Online Profits than Having a Website

Many businesses assume they can just build a great website and people will flock to their store, and with little effort, customers will find them. They may even spend thousands of dollars hiring a professional web designer to ensure their Internet presence puts forward a professional appearance. The spectacular looking website is just a work of art for the owner to admire, however, if it does not generate any business. There is so much more to earning money or attracting clients from the web than merely establishing an online presence or having a “sexy” site.

Really Bad Ideas

Many places will sell bulk website traffic at what seems like low cost per visitor. This doesn’t work. Most operate by driving people to your site through pop-ups or redirecting them through popular domain names. Bottom line: Most people close pop-ups or block them altogether since they are such a nuisance and are not interested in sites they didn’t intend to visit. I’ve tested the effectiveness of many sites that supposedly deliver “targeted” traffic. You’ll get lots of clicks but no sales. The price is not low if you get no return on investment.

What about mass e-mails (aka “SPAM”)? I hope it goes without saying that this is the worst idea of all. Nearly 75% of all e-mail on the Internet today is SPAM. What do you do with SPAM? It’s a nuisance and you’re more likely to sully your reputation than benefit from this dubious method.

Beware of just paying for ads on Search Engines if you don’t know what you’re doing. You may drive some targeted traffic to your site but you can quickly spend more on advertising than you gain from the income of new customers. You need to learn the basics and know what you’re doing. You can make a lot of money on the Internet if you learn the ropes but, correspondingly, you can waste a lot of money on bad techniques.

Lots of bad ideas but how do you make your site sell and turn a profit on the internet?

What Works?

There are essentially four fundamental realities to using the web to provide information and driving interested traffic your way:

1.  Online, people search for information, look for solutions — they are not looking for you. Give them what they want by converting your knowledge into high-quality, in-demand CONTENT.

2. To generate traffic, you need to develop theme-based sites with keyword based pages that are attractive to search engines and the people looking for your informaiton. Your theme-based topical content ranks high at the Search Engines, attracting free, targeted TRAFFIC… interested, open-to-you visitors.

3. Provide free information that people can use. Establish yourself as a trusted source and not simply some shill trying to get them to buy something. Create content about which you have passion and knowledge in that others can benefit from. Develop trust and confidence (“PREsell”) by OVERdelivering relevant, original, high-value information to these motivated pre-customers.

4. Send your warm, willing-to-buy visitors to the goods and services you trust and use yourself. Sell hard goods, e-goods, your personal or professional services… or all three. Or become a “pure infopreneur” and earn substantial income without selling at all, through Google Ads, affiliate fees, finder’s fees and other techniques.

Site Build It!

I was searching around the Internet for some marketing tools and came upon an approach called Site Build It! (aka SBI!). The creator Ken Envoy has, in my estimation, created a product suite that allows businesses and individuals to quickly and easily create websites that generate target traffic. His company offers free eBook downloads that explain the how-to’s for free. You can benefit from reading these eBooks alone but the real strength of his product line are the integrated tools that come from hosting a website with the company.

Businesses can follow the step-by-step C-T-P-M process, using SBI!’s complete set of site-building-&-marketing tools. No HTML, FTP, CGI, graphic or programming skills needed (although SBI! is compatible with html editors if you have html experience) No Search Engine expertise required — no expensive tech, Web or graphic consultants necessary. The complete set of tools make it easy to build, market, and manage your site effectively.

SiteSell has detailed proof that their system works, comparing their product performance against other well known small business and affiliate methodologies. You can go to their question page to seek more help.

Being Excellent in the Basics – A Division Commander, in preparing his Division for war, enjoined his subordinates to “Excel in the Basics”. It is the small things in battle, and in life, that if done poorly will lead to failure. You can learn a lot of advanced tricks to take you beyond the basics but the basics must always be followed properly as a foundation to build upon. Forget the basics and the foundation crumbles. Even the best musicians practice their scales daily. I really believe that the SiteSell stuff, while basic, distills the essence of what makes web pages successful. Don’t move on to anything advanced until you’ve excelled in the basics.

The SEO Book

After I got an up and rolling website with SBI and learned many of the strategies, I found that there were some “blanks” in the information provided – particularly with regard to some strategies regarding link exchange, directories, and Pay Per Click (PPC) networks. Don’t get me wrong, SBI is an essential first step to get you moving in the right direction of building a content rich website. I use their site manager and hosting services.

I needed some additional, advanced SEO strategies to build relevant inbound links and figure out the inner workings of some of the Pay Per Click Networks and found Aaron Wall’s SEOBook. He has some great information regarding search engine optimization and pay-per-click search engines. Check out his site at and decide for yourself but I highly recommend his SEO book as a very satisfied customer.

Affiliate Programs

The internet has many opportunities to make money by advertising other companies’ products and services. With over 16 million web pages on the Internet, it’s nearly impossible to “stumble upon” a company’s site. Companies figured out if they pay commissions to “average Joes” they could drive customers to their site at very little cost. Why pay for a large sales force when you can pay a commission to an affiliate only when a sale is made? Affiliate programs not only improve their bottom line but are a free way for them to “get the word out” about their site.

Is it difficult to succeed as an Affiliate? Not really depending upon your definition of success. It is quite easy to do very little work and make a few extra bucks promoting products to your friends and family.

What about a steady cash stream? This is very possible – some of the top performers earn over $250,000 a year just from affiliate programs. They are doing much more than telling friends and family.

Affiliate success boils down to this:

  • Build a website
  • Write content on a subject you have a passion for that will inform and interest visitors
  • Partner with companies and enroll only in the affiliate programs you truly believe in that sell goods and services related to your content
  • Recommend the products and services to the visitors of your site
  • Earn a commission for every sale

There is a lot of software and information on the internet selling help on how to succeed with affiliate programs. Most are overpriced and do not work. I will only recommend to you the two products I have found successful for affiliate success: SiteSell and the SEOBook. SiteSell will introduce you to building a content-rich site based on finding a niche in the Internet. They have great research tools and an all-in-one site manager and hosting system that allows you to build and promote your website. SiteSell has detailed proof of results, comparing their product performance against other well known small business and affiliate sites.

The SEOBook provides more advanced Pay Per Click and SEO concepts, although the book does provide great supplemental material on how to build your site. I would recommend both but if you can only afford one up front then go with SiteSell to get started.

If you think either or both are too expensive then come back in a month after trying to advertise on the Internet without educating yourself and see how expensive SEO can be without a plan. Consider that 99% of business websites fail. Start with their free resources and move on from there. Their testimonials speak for themselves.

Website Templates

In my discussion of HTML editors, I mentioned that while building a basic web page is easy, creating a quality web site with good functionality and pleasing asthetics takes some technical skill and practice. If building a web site for personal use, it matters little if the presentation is professional and pleasing. The web abounds with “home made” web sites with cheesy graphics and interfaces. If you are a business or interested in promoting a professional appearance then you will need a professional design. A hilarious (and instructive) look at bad web design can be found at

Custom design can be more than your budget may allow and many opt to use pre-made web site templates that essentially allow the customer to “fill in the blanks”. These templates are designed by professionals as fully integrated products with good user instructions and support. Not only are templates a great way to get a professional site on the web quickly but they are an excellent way to learn the art of web design. Through the process of using the template, the user can see what tools and techniques the professionals use and imitate their design.

The following is a list of some of the top web site template sources. Many web hosting providers include templates with their accounts. Keep in mind that, as with anything, you get what you pay for. Some templates, although free or cheaper, may come with fewer instructions or no support. Determine your needs and skill and then choose the templates that match your concept.

Site Description
Boxed Art Thousands of web templates, flash templates, flash sites, powerpoint templates, vector icons, logos, animations, buttons, and photos. All art and templates available for a member fee of just $49.95.
Template Monster

Thousands of web site templates, Flash Templates, Logo Templates, and PHP-Nuke Templates with hundreds of categories and styles to choose from. Easy to use interface to search for the ideal template for your site.
CoffeeCup InstantCoffee 500 web site Templates, easy to install and configure. Just $19.99 each.
Template Blowout Over 9,500+ high quality, professional web site templates, flash templates, html templates, banner templates, photoshop templates & logo templates covering almost any theme or style you can imagine.
Free Site Templates A decent collection of free web site templates along with sale of premium templates through Template Monster.

Professional Web Design

n my discussion of html editors, I stress that building a professional web page with good functionality and "feel" is not something that should be left to an amateur. If an organization is serious about their online presence then they need to consider how that presence will reflect upon them when people visit their site. When I am researching companies on the web, my immediate impression of them is formed by the quality of their website. If the site is cheesy and amateurish then, consciously or not, people are less likely to assume the company is professional on first impression. For example, in my extensive search of Web Hosting and Domain Registration companies, I found a number of companies that had decent offerings but their website had that "…I’m running this company out of my basement…" feel. If a company cannot put forth the effort or cannot afford a good website what makes me think I can trust them with my data?

As already mentioned, templates are an affordable method to create a professional and functional web presence. Those companies with little or no web programming knowledge or even organizations that need a stunning, unique website with custom art really should turn to professional web designers.

There are too many quality professional web design firms and individuals to rate or recommend. They are available in your local phone book and can be found in search engines by searching for website design. The best way to evaluate a web designer is to evaluate live sites that they have designed and talk to the customers to find their level of satisfaction.

Keep in mind that pro web design is not cheap. Expect to pay hundred to thousands of dollars for professional web design. If your budget cannot afford a custom site then you may want to consider an intermediate step between do-it-yourself templates and professional web design. TemplateTuning and Boxed Art both offer template customization by professional web designers. Since the web designer is not creating original work, the prices are significantly lower but the customer benefits from the skills of a professional to get the look and feel they need.

Search Engine Basics

The Internet offers vast amounts of information on any conceivable topic. It is also a potential source of new customers and profits for those who want to open a virtual business, supplement their business with Internet customers, or promote their business.

Why Promote?

The strength of the Internet is also its weakness – there is just so much information – not only good information but bad information as well. There are literally over 50 million websites on the Internet. It is both difficult to find the information you want and it is nigh impossible for users to find you unless they either stumble upon your website URL or find your site in a Search Engine.

There was an interesting experiment conducted in 2003 in Amsterdam. Using GPS to track the movement of a few hundred people over a one month period, the experimenters mapped where the subjects had travelled over that month. The results showed that there were “well worn” routes that nearly all people travelled in the city with many of the side streets and locales in Amsterdam nearly unvisited.

The same is true of the Internet. Although there are literally millions of “locales” and “roads” we could travel on the Internet, the top 20 websites receive over 90% of all Internet traffic! There are certainly more than enough visitors to go around for the remainin 10% to be significant but webmasters ought to have no illusions that people are just looking for your site – they are not unless you promote it.

Search Engine Submission

Search engines are so ubiquitous that it is a waste of time to describe what they are. What is misunderstood about them is how to promote your site using them. First, there are tons of free site submission tools to get your website included at hundreds of search engines throughout the world. You can also pay companies who will submit your site for you to the over 800 search engines that exist worldwide.

The fallacy is that simply submitting you site to a search engine will result in the traffic you desire. In fact, you may not drive a single interested visitor or customer to your site by just submitting the site to search engines. We would all like to have our site “bubble to the top” every time a surfer makes an Internet search related to our website. The truth is that there are likely many dozens or hundreds of other sites broadly related to the same topic. Search engines try to provide the most relevant and popular links that will provide their customers the information they need.

My advice: Use the site submission tools that are free but don’t pay for site submission until you’ve built relevant content that will build popularity.

Becoming Relevant

The key to becoming “relevant” to a search is building “keyword” driven web pages that over-deliver on the type of content that a user is looking for. These keyword pages ought to be woven together into an overall site concept that ties together the keyword topics that people will be looking for that you wish to serve. SiteBuildIt! and the SEOBook are the best guides I know of to providing advice on how to build keyword based sites and provides Brainstorming tools on the best keywords to focus on. I use them both. SBI is a nice resource for beginners while the SEOBook provides more in depth strategies once you get rolling.

Becoming Popular

On the internet, you’ll need to buy your friends. Until you become so relevant and popular that you will appear in the top 10 of the keywords you want to serve, you will need to promote your site. Your page ranking on search engines will increase as you receive more visitors and, especially, as your visitors start linking their own pages to yours because you provide such great information. Beware of who you engage in reciprocal link exchange with. Ensure the sites are relevant to your content and that they will not bring disrepute upon you. Linking to everybody that asks you to is not wise. Be patient, be selective. There is no shortcut to real relevance so don’t become link crazy – focus on content. There are also a number of free directories you can list with (more on that later).

Some Tips on Advertising

(See my Pay Per Click Advertising Guide for more details)

1. List with several advertisers to blanket your ad across the Internet.

2. Use the conversion tools provided by the advertising engines to determine which ads are generating revenue. Web advertising can become very expensive so drop the ads or advertisers that don’t make you money.

3. Use very targeted keywords as opposed to very general terms. You may drive more traffic to your site but if the visitors are disinterested you might be wasting money on the wrong demographic. For instance, if you are a children’s shoe store, you may find that you are paying for far too many clicks per customer sale if you advertise on the keyword phrase [shoe store] as opposed to a more targeted [children’s shoe store] phrase.

4. Use a wide variety of keywords that pertain to your site and build several unique ads for each keyword or grouping of keywords.

5. Use SiteBuildIt! and the SEOBook. I can’t emphasize enough how much I believe in these products. They help you find the keyword combinations you need and help you manage your sales conversions and tracking of what is and isn’t working. Internet advertising can be profitable but it can also be very costly if done in an amateurish fashion.

Pay per Click Advertising Guide

This Pay Per Click Advertising Guide (PPC Advertising Guide) provides tips and strategies to maximize profits from keyword advertising on the search engines that sell sponsored pay per click advertising.

Pay-per-click advertising is a quick way to establish relevancy and establish national or regional prominence for your product or service. There are a number of key elements to an effective Pay Per Click advertising campaign:

1. Quality of the Search Engine

2. Keyword choices

3. Keyword Cost-per-click (CPC)

4. Quality of Ad and Click-Through-Rate (CTR)

5. Quality of site advertised

6. Return on Investment (ROI)

Quality of Search Network

Right now the two top tier Pay Per Click Networks are Yahoo! Search Marketing and Google Adwords.

Yahoo! Search Marketing (formerly called Overture) sponsors links on Yahoo!, MSN, Altavista, CNN, and Infospace. It allows your keyword sponsored ads to be seen by the vast majority of Internet users. Ad placement is based on bid amount per keyword.

Google Adwords sponsors links on Google and with their search and content network of subscribers such as AOL and other prominent websites. Ad placement is based on bid amount and Click-Through-Rate (CTR). Google will de-activate low-performing keywords.

Yahoo! Search Marketing and Google Adwords will soon be joined in the top tier of Pay Per Click Networks by MSN when they launch their new service soon.

The two top tier Search Engines have broad distribution, lots of features, fast feedback, and are easy to maintain. The main disadvantage is cost – broad reach = competition = expensive for some keywords.

Middle tier Search Networks include Miva, Kanoodle, Enhance Interactive, Search123,, LookSmart, etc. These Search Engines have cheaper click prices than Google or Yahoo! Search Marketing and may work on some keywords that are expensive there. Some meta search engines mix PPC listings from these search engines with other search results making your listing on these more useful at times. The big disadvantage is the quality of the traffic sometimes suffers and there is much more click fraud on these search engines.

Smaller Pay-per-click Search Engines should be avoided. I learned this the hard way. You’re better off paying for web traffic than listing with small PPC Search Engines. There are always exceptions to the rule but the rule is that you will get a lot of clicks, spend a lot of money, and see very little Return on Investment. These search engines are very susceptible to click fraud. Instead of including that topic in this Pay Per Click advertising guide I have created an article on that form of fraud as well as on impression spam.

Keyword Choices

Remember, with Pay Per Click Advertising, you are paying every time somebody clicks on your ad. You want to make sure you choose keywords related to the content of the page that the searcher will be visiting. If you have a web page you want to advertise that is about cars then you don’t want to be advertising with the keyword “bicycles” because, although somebody might click through out of mere curiosity, you’re not targeting the right audience. Yahoo! Search Marketing will not let you bid on keywords unrelated to your content (which helps you) but others might. Don’t waste your money on clicks that won’t convert to customers.

Another aspect of keyword choice is variety and specificity. It is usually better to bid on many different very specific keywords related to your content than it is to bid on a very few general keywords. One reason is cost – very general keywords that lots of people are searching on are generally more expensive while variations or more specific keyword combinations may be cheaper and allow your ad to be placed more favorably.

Yahoo! Search Marketing and most other PPC engines work on a bidding system – the highest bid for a particular keyword always appears at the top of sponsored results. Google Adwords works with a combination of Cost-per-click you are willing to spend combined with the click-through-rate for your keywords. If you choose very general keywords on Yahoo! Search Marketing you are likely to spend a great deal getting to the top. If you choose very general keywords on Google, your Click-through-rate is likely to suffer because your ad will appear frequently but will be unrelated to a specific niche. In either model, your performance will suffer.

If you really must compete with popluar keywords, instead of less popular variations, then make sure you set up your search account to only “fire” on the exact match for that keyword. In Google, for example, you might want to compete for the specific keyword “web page”. With a broad match setting, your ad will show up if somebody types anything with either web or page in the search. You can narrow it down further by having your ad show only when “web page” appears somewhere in the search string. Finally, with exact match, you can have your ad appear only when the string “web page” is typed and nothing else is searched for.

With popular keywords, I recommend you stick to exact match for two reasons: cost and ad delivery. On one hand with broad match you may end up paying for a ton of clicks from visitors that figure out your product was not what they were looking for. On the other hand, you may receive too few clicks to maintain an acceptable click-through-rate (CTR) and have your ad disabled by Google. It is better to come up with very speciific exact match keywords (and lots of them) that relate to your site and have your ad appear only for those specific keywords.

Google offers free advice on how to optimize your keywords here.

Cost per Click

With Yahoo! Search Marketing and other PPC engines, your ad position is dictated purely by how much you are willing to spend for every click – this is called a bid amount for a keyword or sometimes called a Cost per Click (CPC) for some engines. Google uses an algorithm that factors in CPC along with how “successful” a keyword is for your ad (also known as Click through Rate – CTR).

There is not a single answer to the question – what should my maximum Cost-per-Click (CPC) be. Some very specific keywords fetch exorbitant click prices because the advertisers get a huge sale for every one that buys that product. Many people lose money based on their bid prices. Because there are so many people trying to sponsor ads, there are also many new entrepeneurs who will push the click prices way up. What you need to do is be smart about the bid amounts and figure out how much you can afford to spend per click. To do that, you will have to experiment.

There are services such as Atlas Onepoint that allow you to track keywords from click to sale to determine how profitable they are. These tools figure out which keywords have led to a sale and how much you had to pay for each click. You can also use the free conversion tools provided by Google and Yahoo! Search Marketing to determine which keywords are converting and how much you had to pay for each click before you got a sale. Your conversion rate is the number of sales (conversions) divided by the number of clicks for a keyword before you got a sale (sales/click). Cost per conversion is how much you had to pay on average for each sale (cost per click x number of clicks/ number of sales). If you can keep your cost per conversion below the amount of money you are making per sale then you are making a profit.

Tracking this information will allow you to determine which keywords are worth “upgrading” and which are dogs that are just costing you money. You may determine that a keyword converts really well and it is worth upgrading the max CPC in order to get it higher in the sponsored results. You may also lower the CPC price in order to make a keyword profitable.

Quality of Ad and Click Through Rate

In order to get clicks, people will have to want to click on your ad. Some sites allow a good amount of text but my experience indicates that less is more. Google’s restrictions to 3 lines with only about 30-40 characters per line is a good guideline. If you cannot grab the attention of the reader in that space then you will get few clicks. A few thoughts:

Click through rate (CTR) is a measure of how many clicks you receive on your ad divided by the number of times your ad appears (also called impressions). Yahoo! Search Marketing does not care about your CTR and will continue to give your ad placement based solely on CPC or bid amount. Google places your ad based on a combination of your CPC and how well your ad is performing (CTR). If your ad falls below a 0.5% click through rate (1 click for every 200 impressions) your ad gets in danger of being slowed down and eventually disabled for that keyword.

Make sure your ad title contains the keyword you are advertising for. PPC search engines bold the keyword in the search results and make your ad stand out. It also is an indication to the searcher that your content relates to their search term. Have many different ads for different search combinations to improve your ad performance.

Ads that appear on the first page of search results (positions 1-7 in sponsored results) have better CTR’s than ads that appear in the 2nd page or further of results. Folks assume that if it’s not in the first page then your site must not be as “important”.

With Google, if your CTR is really high you can pay far less in terms of CPC than others do for the same level of placement. This is especially true if a keyword has been disabled multiple times based on poor CTR. If your ad regularly gets a CTR for a keyword that exceeds 0.5% then you can try gradually lowering the max CPC and still achieve great performance. Some days are better than others so it’s always wise to track ad performance and “throttle” the max CPC for keywords based on how they’re performing for a given day. The basic rule of thumb is to try to keep your ad in the first page of search results and to change your CPC to do that. If your budget can’t afford that then turn off your ad on those days when you’re getting clobbered.

A final note on CTR in Google has to do with what I call impression spam (I’ve actually been interviewed about this phenomenom). I have had keywords disabled because there are huge spikes in searches for my keywords. On a typical day for my most popular keyword, there are about 6000 impressions for an exact match search. On occassion, I’ve seen as many as 30,000 impressions for the exact match in a single hour. Google repeatedly denies glitches in their system or click fraud but it is impossible to account for it based on “normal” traffic. The net result is that, because Google tends to measure keyword performance (CTR) every 1000 clicks, these spikes in traffic tend to disable keywords based on poor CTR. I’ve learned that these spikes tend to happen at night and in the morning hours and, so for very popular keywords, I don’t turn on ads until after 10 pm EST. I don’t know why it works but it just does. You’ll have to do a bit of experimentation to figure out if you have any keywords that tend to spike in the same way.

Quality of Site Advertised

So far the discussion has been limited to those factors that affect how well ads perform on Google or Yahoo! Search Marketing or other Pay Per Click engines. It is certainly true that you need to optimize your ads so they perform well and get you the highest quality clicks at the best prices. Equally, or perhaps more important is the quality of the site once the searcher lands on the site after clicking on the advertisement.

If your site does not have what the person is looking for, if the site layout is confusing, if the text isn’t compelling, or if the site is unprofessional your visitors may just visit quickly and leave the site. Conversion rate is as much about the quality of your web site as it is about keyword choice and cost per click. You need to build a site that people will want to read and make them want to purchase whatever you have to offer. I discuss the principles of a profitable web site in making money from your web site.

Return on Investment (ROI)

No Pay Per Click Advertising Guide is complete without a discussion of Return on Investment because the most important thing, in the end, is the bottom line when advertising: am I taking in more than I’m paying out? If the answer is No, then unless your motivations for your site are altruistic, then you need to come up with a better advertising strategy. ROI is a measure of profit realized from your use of advertising dollars. It is very easy to spend $50 at a time and have it add up to thousands of dollars a month wasted if you are not tracking the factors that contribute to profit and loss in Pay Per Click advertising. One dollar per click may not seem like much but if you’re paying for 1800 clicks per month and it leads to no sales then you have just contributed $1800 to your favorite search engine. The Pay per Click Reviews page gives some real world data that shows ROI for the major PPC networks and recommendations on the networks that seem to perform the best.

The maximize ROI you need to follow the strategies outlined above. I also highly recommend the SEOBook and SiteBuildIt! as my strategies are a distillation of the tomes of information provided with their products.

How to Choose a Domain Name

In general, you wan to choose a domain name that reflects your organization, is easy to type, is easy to remember, and has a TLD extension (.com, .org, etc) appropriate for your use.

1. The best place to begin is a domain name registry such as ICANNWholesale to help determine what domain names are available. You may have a name in mind already that you think is perfect for your business but it may already be registered by another business. Use the tools provided to search different variations. The tools come up with some great variations you may not have considered.

2. In general, if you are a business, and concerned about driving traffic to your site then try to find a .com address that matches your business name. People are so used to typing .com that your traffic may go to another business that owns

3. Try to choose a domain name that matches your organizational name. People may remember your business name and if they know you have a web site they will first try to find you by typing

4. If you are a non-profit of any kind you may want to consider getting both the .org and .com domains for your organization. Many just naturally type .com to the end of domains so you won’t lose that traffic. You may also run into the problem, if you become very popular, that people will buy the .com address that matches your site to get some free traffic. is a very popular free Bible software program. I’ve found myself, on several occasions, accidentally typing only to be taken to another domain. It is quite easy to forward the .com address to your .org address to take advantage of the added traffic.

5. Domain names can have dashes in them. If the domain name, is taken, you may be able to buy If you can get the domain name without dashes, choose that one. Use variations in capitalization to promote your domain name vice dashes. People forget to put dashes in domains.

6. It is key to choose a domain name that is memorable. People may find you on a search engine and if your domain name easily “sticks” in their head they will likely return to your site. If they constantly have to find you via a search engine, because they can’t rember your domain, then you will lose visitors. There are a couple of key factors to being memorable: brevity and relation to product or service.

a. Brevity: Short domain names are generally better than long domain names. makes it difficult to type but also to remember because of all the words in it and it has dashes as well. Domain names that are too long will also get cut off in many forms or other internet apps. Keep it short.

b. Relation to Product: If you can get a domain name that people will naturally think of when they think of you they will more likely remember your domain. It’s a balancing act to find a domain that makes people think of you while keeping it short too. I always forget, for instance, that Merrill Lynch’s domain name is because, while brief, I don’t think of ml immediately.

7. Some will tell you that having keywords in a domain name helps you in the search engines if it relates to your topic. The domain has targeted keywords in it but it is long, has dashes, and will be hard to remember. It used to be true that the search engines gave a bonus to keyword domain names in search engine results but the algorithms have improved. Keep your domain name related to your content but don’t sacrifice being memorable in the process.

8. Domain names are not case sensitive. resolves the same as but is more readable. Try variations in Capitalization to see how your domain name reads. It helps when promoting your domain, to capitalize certain letters so people will see the distinct words in the domain rather than a bunch of letters run together.

9. Some domain names just don’t look right. Make sure you look at your domain name typed out before you settle on it. The domain name just looks weird because it has two contiguous vowels. There’s no hard and fast rule here but most people can “see” when a domain name just doesn’t work. One of the reasons Merrill Lynch chose, I would guess, is that just doesn’t “work” with three l’s run together.

10. Use a Thesaurus! If a domain name is taken, use a thesaurus to find synonyms to terms that you wanted in your domain name. You may find some memorable variations you had not considered.

11. For personal use or for other organizations where .com is not a requirement, don’t forget about all the other domain extension options available. There is .net, .org, .biz, and .us just to name a few. I find the .us domain to be a great domain extension for people who want to set up personal domains such as Just remember, though, people usually remember the first part of domain name and “default” to a .com extension. Always go with .com if you can get it.

What is a Domain Name?


The World Wide Web (WWW) has become such a normal part of life, with browsing so simplified, that the vast majority take for granted that when they type in an address (aka URL), they load a page.  Why is it, however, that leads a user to my site?

Information on the internet is routed according to Internet Protocol Addresses (or IP addresses for short).  Every web server that hosts web pages to be viewed has a unique IP address, such as  You can actually browse to websites using IP addresses but what if you had to remember to type every time you wanted to visit a web page?  This is where the Domain Name System comes in?

In the early days of the Internet, there were few computers connected to the Internet and a central database was maintained that listed every computer on the Internet.  With several thousand computers connected, the database became too large to manage centrally and in 1983, the Domain Name System was invented at USC to distributed databases, decentralizing management while maintaining central control of domains.

The Domain Name System (DNS) uses the familiar address of and translates (or resolves) the name into an IP address.  People naturally remember names or “mnemonic” devices more easily than numbers (which is why we sort telephone books by last name to find phone numbers and not the other way around.)  The goal of the DNS is for any Internet user any place in the world to reach a specific website IP address by entering its domain name.  Domain names are also used for reaching e-mail addresses and for other Internet applications.

In an Internet address – such as – the .org part is known as a Top Level Domain, or TLD. So-called “TLD registry” organizations house online databases that contain information about the domain names in that TLD. The .org registry database, for example, contains the Internet whereabouts – or IP address – of So in trying to find the Internet address of your computer must first find the .org registry database. How is this done?

How the Domain Name System Works

At the core of the DNS are 13 special computers, called root servers. ICANN coordinates their operation and they are distributed around the world.  All 13 servers contain identical information; this allows the workload to be spread as well as to back each other up.  Reflect on the elegance of the design that allows the central resolution of domain names for millions of people with only 13 servers!

The 13 servers are called root servers and they contain the IP address of all the Top Level Domain (TLD) registrars.  These TLDs include global registries such as .com, .net, .org, etc. and the 244 country specific registries (.tw, .ca, .uk, etc.)

Scattered across the Internet are thousands of computers – called “Domain Name Resolvers” or just plain “resolvers” – that routinely cache the information they receive from queries to the root servers.  These resolvers are located strategically with Internet Service Providers (ISPs) or institutional networks.  They are used to respond to a user’s request to resolve a domain name – that is, to find the corresponding IP address.

When a user types a domain name for a web page or to send an e-mail, a domain name request is forwarded to a local resolver to figure out where to send or look for  The resolver knows how to find the .com registry as it has copied its IP from a root server beforehand.  The resolver then goes to the .com registry and “says” “Can you give me the IP address for”  The .com registry returns the IP address of which is sent back to the requesting server so it can make a connection using the IP address provided.  It all happens in fractions of a second (usually) without the user needing to know (nor caring) what the IP address of is.

Top-level, second-level, and third-level domains

The domain name system is a hierarchical system.  You may have encountered domain names like  That domain name has different domain levels within it.  The top level domain is .com, controlled by ICANN’s root server.  Moving to the left of .com, is a second-level domain – the .com registry contains the IP address of  Moving further left, is a third-level domain.  Xerox has its only domain name system (DNS) server that has the IP address of  Xerox’s DNS system also knows where to resolve where www is at the fourth-level position though is not a domain.  It is rare to see domain names beyond the third level.

Who cares about this domain name stuff?

I thought you did since you clicked on What is a Domain Name and you’re reading this page.  For many, ignorance is bliss as they need not understand the system to use it.  If you are going to purchase or think you want to own a domain name it is useful to understand it.  When you purchase a domain name on the Internet, that domain name is yours – you can point it whereve you want and if you understand how the domain name system work then you have great flexibility as to who you pay to register your domain as well as who you choose to let host your domain.

For instance, I have several websites hosted at Lunar Pages and own several domain names for personal and professional use.  I registered the domain names at the registry of my choice and I can choose where I want to point those domain names to.  I point several to Lunar Pages but if I ever wanted to change Web Hosting companies, I can do so within minutes by pointing the domain names to a different host.  More discussion on managing your domain is available on this site but the main point is that if you understand the fundamental principles of the domain name system (DNS) then you have much more power and flexibility as an Internet user.

HTML Editors Explained

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the language that web pages use to represent the information contained in a web page. When you view a web page your browser loads and interprets text in an html file and displays that information graphically on your browser. Even the images you are viewing are instructions in the HTML file that tell the browser “show an image here” and other similar commands. Anyone who wishes to create quality web pages needs to become familiar with the syntax and rules of HTML.

Since web pages consist primarily of html files that are strictly text based, it is possible to construct web pages using a simple text editor like notepad. The job becomes more tedious for elaborate web pages and sites that have content that you want to remain consistent across. Toward that end, HTML Editors have been created to aid the webmaster in creating elaborate and consistent web pages for a site.

The best editors have both a WYSIWYG (What you see is what you get) design workspace as well as an ability to code html directly. The design workspace allows the webmaster to create his content graphically and quickly, seeing the results as he goes. Unfortunately, even the best graphical interfaces create bloated html code and it is necessary to go directly into the code to tweak the html.

While basic html editing is very simple and even a novice can create a simple web page, there are intermediate to advanced techniques to web design including the inclusion of applets and scripts that take time and instruction to learn. Beyond the technical aspects, there are asthetic or artistic aspects of web design that create a “feel” for a website that are more difficult to teach and are reflections of artistic talent.

Given the breadth of the subject, an exhaustive discussion of web design or even the intricacies of html editors, I’ll merely recommend some books. Those who have the time and interest in building their own web pages should consider the HTML editors and resources below. A great way to build quick content, and learn HTML along the way, is to use pre-made web templates built by professionals. Businesses more concerned with getting a professional site online should consider hiring a professional web designer to build their website.